Hey guys! Am I the only one who has never heard the word phenomenology before? “Phe·nom·e·nol·o·gy”. Well the first time I heard this word was during this course when I learned all about the Phenomenological Tradition. So that’s going to be our discussion for today, the Phenomenological Tradition.
Communication as the experience of self and others through dialogue describes the Phenomenological Tradition. This long abstract term Phenomenology, basically touches upon the deliberate analysis of everyday life from the point of view of the person who is living it. Therefore, this tradition focuses on placing great emphasis on people’s understanding and interpretation of their own personal experiences.The theorists of this tradition deal with the perception of phenomena, which includes basic stuff like objects. Can you guess what the communication focus is for this tradition? Ahh well, it basically seeks to find out why is it so challenging to create and maintain genuine human relationships and how it can be overcome. Hmmm, I wonder. I wish I had the answer.
Interesting fact: Out of all the 8 traditions, this one is actually the most subjective tradition and it is also humanistic.
This tradition frames communication problems around the genuineness of this experience, through dialogue as I mentioned earlier. In thinking about it, maybe this could be one of the reasons why people withdraw from certain relationships because they are not feeling a genuine connection with the other person.
Stanley Deetz deciphers 3 basic principles:
- Knowledge is found in conscious experience. We come to know the world as we engage in it.
- Language is a vehicle of meaning. Our knowledge of the world stems from the language we use to describe, define and express it.
- Meanings of things consists of the potential of things. How an individual relates to objects determines their meaning.
Variations in the Phenomenological Tradition
Classical Phenomenology – Truth can only be obtained through direct experiences and we must be disciplined in how we experience things.
Phenomenology of Perception – This recognizes that the human being is responsible for creating meaning in the world. We only know things through our personal relationships to them; we affect and are affected by the world through our experiences and therefore, the one who knows cannot be separate from the known.
Hermeneutic Phenomenology – This takes cues from phenomenology of perception, but deals specifically with communication. In this case, reality is not known by careful analysis but by natural experience, which is created by the use of language in context. It is in language that things first come into being and that things are. Communication is the vehicle by which meaning is constructed to experience.
Ahh well that’s all for now folks,
I hope you enjoyed, tune in next time. ♥